Strasburg Chamber of Commerce Strasburg, Virginia

             

The Civil War Came Through Here

civil war
Strasburg was an important part of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign of 1862. Here a Federal fort became Jackson's objective in the spring of 1862. His famous flanking march maneuvered the Federals from this fort and finally brought them to bay at Winchester. As a result of this action, Strasburg became the destination for the pursuing Federals as the place where they could cut off Jackson's retreat. Jackson barely escaped the Federal "pincer movement" at Strasburg and separately defeated two Federal columns at the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic respectively.

A year earlier, Jackson had used Strasburg as the place where captured railroad equipment was placed on the rails of the Manassas Gap Railroad and sent south. Jackson captured extensive B & O Railroad engines, rolling stock, and equipment at Martinsburg, West Virginia and hauled it over land on the Valley Pike to Strasburg using horses.

Strasburg also figured heavily in Federal General Philip Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864. After defeating the Confederates under General Jubal Early at Winchester, Sheridan continued the pursuit to Strasburg. Here he established headquarters as his army probed the Confederate position two miles south of town at Fishers Hill. On September 22, 1864, Sheridan's forces again defeated Early's Confederates at the Battle of Fisher's Hill.

Nearly one month following its success at Fishers Hill, Sheridan's army lay in camp at Cedar Creek, three miles north of Strasburg. Early's Confederates surprised the Federals there at dawn on October 19, 1864, and nearly won a stunning victory only to have their fortunes dashed by a Federal counterattack in the afternoon. The Federals finally ended the pursuit of the beleaguered Confederates at Strasburg.

Strasburg is the ideal location for a tour of the many Civil War battlefields in the area. Only minutes away are the battlefields at Cedar Creek, Toms Brook, Fishers Hill and Hupp's Hill. Strasburg is within convenient driving distance to either Winchester or Front Royal (and the Skyline Drive). Both Jackson's Valley Campaign of 1862 and Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaigns of 1864 are easily retraceable using Strasburg as a base of operations.

The Great Train Raid of 1861 (Strasburg Reenactment 2011)
Civil War Artifact Preservation Association
Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation
Virginia Civil War Trails

Plantations/Battlefields

Belle Grove Plantation
Exit 302 off Interstate 81
Phone: 540-869-2028
Cedar Creek Battlefield
Exit 302 off Interstate 81
Phone: 540-869-2064
Fishers Hill Battlefield
Exit 291 off Interstate 81
Phone: 540-459-6220
New Market Battlefield & Museum
Exit 264 off Interstate 81
Phone: 866-515-1864
Web Site
Toms Brook Battlefield
Exit 291 off Interstate 81
Phone: 540-459-6220